Breakwater Reconstruction at Baileys Brook Small Craft Harbour, Pictou County, NS

The proposed project at Baileys Brook SCH in Pictou County, NS involves two components of work including the supply and placement of armour stone at the northeastern breakwater and removal of existing dredge material from the on-site containment cell, including transporting of material to an off-site disposal facility, located approximately 800 m east of the harbour, across highway 245. The existing breakwater has become damaged from recent storms and requires repairs. The purpose for removing existing dredge material from the on-site containment cell is to make room to accommodate material generated from the next maintenance dredge cycle planned for spring of 2024.

The purpose of the placement of the armour stone is to increase the existing crest elevation from an approximate elevation of +5.00m to +6.60m above chart datum to reduce wave over topping and provide additional protection to the harbour facility.  As part of the design, the existing breakwater will be widened on the landside to stabilize the new crest elevation.  Minimal rock placement will be completed at the seaward face of the existing breakwater down to the high-water mark to complete repairs to the damaged structure.

The work will involve the use of heavy equipment such as haul trucks and excavators operating from the landward side of the breakwater.


Latest update

Notice of Detemrination

December 14, 2023 - Fisheries and Oceans Canada – Small Craft Harbours have issued their Notice of Determination after evaluation of the project, Breakwater Reconstruction at Baileys Brook Small Craft Harbour  and have determined that the project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects and can therefore proceed.


This determination was based on a consideration of the following factors:

  • Impacts on rights of Indigenous peoples;
  • Community and Indigenous knowledge;
  • Comments received from the public; and
  • Technically and economically feasible mitigation measures.

Mitigation measures taken into account for this determination are:

  • Weather conditions are to be assessed on a daily basis to determine the risk of extreme weather in the project areas. Avoid work during periods which Environment and Climate Change Canada has issued rainfall, wind or wave warning for the work area;
  • An Erosion and Sediment Control Plan will be developed for the site that minimizes risk of sedimentation to the marine environment;
  • Wash, refuel and service machinery and store fuel and other materials for the machinery in such a way as to prevent any deleterious substances from entering a waterway or wetland;
  • Construction material and debris are not to become waterborne. Do not dispose of any materials or waste into marine environment;
  • Eliminate free board spillage when excavating, loading, and hauling excavated material;
  • Trucks transporting excavated material will have watertight boxes;
  • Do not overload trucks when hauling excavated/construction material;
  • Maintain trucks clean and free of mud, dirt, and other foreign matter;
  • Secure contents against spillage. Avoid potential release of contents and of any foreign matter onto highways, roads, and access routes used for the work. Immediately clean any ground spills and soils to extent directed by authority having jurisdiction;
  • All equipment to be used in or over the marine environment is to be free from leaks or coating of hydrocarbon-based fluids and/or lubricants harmful to the environment. Hoses and tanks are to be inspected on a regular basis to prevent fractures and breaks;
  • On site, crews must have emergency spill clean-up equipment adequate for the activity involved, and it must be on site. Spill equipment will include, as a minimum, at least one 250 L (i.e., 55 gallon) overpack spill kit containing items to prevent a spill from spreading; absorbent booms, pillows, and mats; rubber gloves; and plastic disposal bags. All spills or leaks must be contained, cleaned up, and reported to the 24-Hour Environmental Emergencies Report System (1-800-565-1633);
  • Minimize disturbance to all birds and wildlife on-site and in adjacent areas during the entire course of the work;
  • During nighttime work (if any), lights are to be shielded or pointed downwards. They are to be positioned in the opposite direction of any nearby bird nesting habitat;
  • Ensure that food scraps and garbage are not left at the work site. All construction waste material will be disposed of in a provincially approved manner;
  • No one shall disturb, move, or destroy migratory bird nests;
  • Should nests or chicks of migratory birds or raptors be encountered during work, immediately stop work in that area and notify Departmental Representative for directives to be followed. Should a nest site be discovered:
    •  The nest site and neighbouring vegetation will not be disturbed until nesting is completed;
    •  Work undertaken immediately adjacent to such areas will be minimized until nesting is completed;
  • Should nests of birds species at risk (e.g. Bank Swallows) be encountered during work, immediately notify the PSPC Project Manager for directives to be followed. Do not disturb nest site and neighbouring vegetation until nesting is completed, minimize work immediately adjacent to such areas until nesting is completed, and the proponent shall ensure that if a nest is detected within the project area, Environment and Climate Change Canada - Canadian Wildlife Service (ECCC-CWS) shall be consulted and their recommendations shall be followed to protect these areas;
  • Site construction and operations should be conducted outside of the breeding and nesting season. If construction or operation needs to occur during breeding and nesting season, appropriate surveys clearing the activity areas should be completed by qualified staff as close to the starting of activities as possible;
  • If an archaeological and/or historically significant item is discovered during the work activities, work in the area will be stopped immediately and the PSPC Project Manager will be contacted as well as the provincial Archaeological Services unit: Nova Scotia Department of Communities, Culture and Heritage, Special Places Program - telephone: (902) 424-6475. Work will only resume at the direction of the provincial Archaeologist;
  • Workers in contact with hazardous materials must be provided with and use appropriate personal protective equipment;
  • Proper safety procedures must be followed throughout the duration of the project as per applicable municipal, provincial, and federal regulations;
  • All equipment used for the works must be in good working condition;
  • No construction or infill material may be obtained from any coastal feature, namely a beach, dune, or coastal wetland;
  • Control runoff of water containing suspended material or other harmful substances in accordance with requirements of all federal, provincial and municipal authorities having jurisdiction;
  • Coastal habitats outside the project area must not be accessed by heavy equipment nor used as staging areas;
  • Replace/restore any temporarily disturbed habitat features and remediate any areas impacted by the works, undertakings or activity;
  • Sediment controls will be visually monitored throughout the life of the project, and repaired immediately if necessary;
  • Any debris or waste material will be disposed of in a provincially approved manner.
  • Eliminate free board spillage when excavating, loading and hauling material. Do not dump petroleum products or any other deleterious substances on ground;
  • Dust control should be provided for construction activities and open soil areas, primarily by using fresh water. Waste oil or other petroleum products shall not be used for dust control under any circumstances. Where and when applicable (e.g., during a dry summer), other agents such as calcium chloride may be used for dust suppression. The use of calcium chloride will be in accordance with the guidelines outlined in Environment Canada’s Best Practices for the Use and Storage of Chloride-Based Dust Suppressants, referring to how, when and quantity to apply;
  • All dust control agents shall be stored in areas away from water bodies and contained, to prevent entry into water bodies;
  • Work is to be carried out during hours agreed upon with the Departmental Representative to mitigate any disturbance to harbour users and residents.


Key documents

Key documents
Document Number Document Title File Date
3 Notice of Determination - December 14, 2023
2 End of Public Comment Period - October 29, 2023
1 Notice of Intent - September 29, 2023


Department of Fisheries and Oceans - Small Craft Harbour, Maritime and Gulf Region
Chyann Kirby, Regional Environmental Advisor
Gulf Fisheries Center, 343 University Ave.
Moncton, New Brunswick E1C 9B6
Telephone: 506-866-5164

  • Location

    • Baileys Brook SCH is located in the community of Lismore, Pictou County, Nova Scotia, on the Northumberland Strait. It is accessible from Factory Road via Highway #245. (Nova Scotia)
  • Nature of Activity

    • Ports and Harbours
  • Assessment Status

  • Start Date

  • Proponent

    Fisheries and Oceans Canada - Small Craft Harbours (DFO-SCH)
  • Authorities

    • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Assessment Type

    Project on federal lands
  • Reference Number


This map is for illustrative purposes. The markers represent the approximate locations based on available data. More than one marker may be identified for a given assessment.


Nearby assessments

...within 200 kilometres
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